Identifying and Removing Dead Code from a Ruby on Rails Legacy Application

Dead code is code that is never executed. It can be a commented out block of code, a method that's no longer called, or an unreachable return statement. It often reflects functionality that no longer exists. Dead code has absolutely no upside and it costs us money, time, and maintenance headaches. It's possible to identify the unused block of code in smaller projects. But in larger projects, it is not as straightforward. It is a delicate process and requires absolute surety of the deadness status to avoid any unexpected breakdowns. A few tools are present that can aid us in

The Many Faces of Ruby's Top-level

In the previous post, we looked at how Ruby's top-level acts as a wrapper of the Object class. And that the definitions you put in the top-level act as if they were put in the Object class itself. But, there was one thing that I left out in that blog post, because it deserves its own attention. Module extensionIf you have a module: module Foo def bar :bar end endand you extend it in the top-level: extend Fooyou'd expect that it would extend the Object class because of what we saw in that previous post. But you'd be wrong! Object.

Everything You Need to know about Serialization in Ruby on Rails - Part I

It was the day we were moving. I was observing how the "Packers and Movers" professionals packed our furniture. For example, the King size bed shown below had to be accommodated within a space of about 6-7 inches inside a van. While I kept wondering how they'd manage this, they dismantled the bed. And in went the camel through the needle's eye very neatly. That's when I realized the computing world is not very different from the real world. They dismantled the bed for transportation and then reassembled at the destination. Similarly, in the computing world, we deconstruct objects or

Adding Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) to ActiveAdmin auth in a Ruby on Rails web application

To enhance the security of a web application having a user authentication workflow, we use a security method called 2FA. It is also known as Two Factor Authentication(type of Multi-Factor Authentication). In this blog post, we will see how to implement email-based 2FA in ActiveAdmin auth of a Ruby on Rails application. In the email-based 2FA approach, when logging in with an email and password, an OTP will be sent on a registered email address. Upon entering the OTP, it will successfully authenticate and the session will be started. Also, we will see the following additional functionality and customizations

Identifying and avoiding Tautological tests in Ruby on Rails applications

Writing unit tests is more of an art than a skill, and understanding what to test for comes with experience and/or mistakes. We look for the percentage of test coverage for examining the health of an application. However, the "coverage percentage" might be misused or overlooked. In particular, it falls victim to Goodhart’s law, which says: “When a measure becomes a target, it ceases to be a good measure”. Whenever we start writing test cases for the sake of improving the code coverage, we miss the whole point of testing and rather introduce Tautological Tests - poorly designed

Ruby's Global Scope is Not Really Global

Ruby does not have any entry point to the code it is executing. Compare that to other languages like C, C++, Java, etc., which has a main() method in some way. And this main() is the entry point to the code. But in Ruby, we can open a file with a .rb extension and write our code at the top-level like: foo = 'Great Scott!' puts foo # => Great Scott!... and Ruby will execute the file for us. You'll get introduced to this top-level scope as global scope throughout most tutorials. Even though the intention is correct, the terminology as

Insights and Strategies for upgrading Ruby on Rails applications

For the past few months at Kiprosh, we've done versions upgrade of multiple mid to large scale Ruby on Rails applications. One of them was running Rails version 3.2.22. That's where we found out that, we need to make a lot of changes in our codebase to run our application on version 4.0. Hence, we thought to write this blog post to share our insights and recommended strategies for upgrading such mid to large Rails applications. upgrading Ruby on RailsRails guides provide us a brief information on how to upgrade the Rails app, but we need to

How to store emoji characters in MySQL database of a Ruby on Rails application

Emoji has become an essential part of communication in our digital lives. Hence, as developers, our applications should provide first-class support to them. In this blog post, we will explore how to store Emoji's in MySQL database. In one of our internal Ruby on Rails web application using MySQL database, we were facing an issue whenever a user tried to insert an emoji in the text of an article. The "save" functionality in UI ran infinitely (ajax) and logs were reporting following errors: ActiveRecord::StatementInvalid (Mysql2::Error: Incorrect string value: '\xF0\x9F\x98\x8A ...' for column 'content' at

How we automated our recruitment process using Zapier, Airtable & Trello

As a tech organisation, we always strive to find suitable talent for available positions, and then move them quickly through the application funnel, from sourcing to hiring. The goal is to onboard a potential candidate as fast as possible. In this endeavor, we decided to automate our recruitment processes so that the overall time to screen, interview and to release an offer is relatively faster. Background Interested candidates apply on our website through careers page. We have a referral program for our associates so it also resulted in wider interest. We also receive direct applications through email on careers@kiprosh.

Generating PDF files from HTML content

Although nowadays we have Email, SMS services integrated in most of web applications, sometimes there could be need of documentation for future reference which users may want to reuse later based on their need. Similar requirement we had in one of our web application where we wanted to provide option to user to generate single or bulk PDF files out of any HTML templates they have in their account. There was different features around the generation of PDF document but major work was involved in generation of PDF out of HTML which is also not difficult task when we have